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Sovjet Forces - Sevastopol June / July 1942

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  • Sovjet Forces - Sevastopol June / July 1942

    Good day! Please help in completing this list ! I want to help to recreate Operation Störfang as authentic as possible for Combat Mission: Barbarossa to Berlin.
    ( Please tell me if you notice any mistakes in the list ! )

    Sevastopol Defence District - vice-admiral Oktiabrskiy F.S.

    Maritime Army - general-mayor (general-major) Petrov I.V.
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    1st Defense Sector (7.5 km of frontline)

    * 109th Rifle Division ( formerly 2nd Rifle Division ) - general-lieutenant P.G. Novikov ( sector commandant )

    ( Division was formed on Nov 23'41 based on the 2nd Cav. Div. correction was made by moderator
    Renamed into 109th Rfl. Div. Jan 29'42 - Southern sector
    383,1330, 1330 Rfl. Reg. united NKVD frontier gds. rfl, Reg 51st AR, 105
    From Jan 29'42: 381,456,602 Rfl Reg, 404 AR, 256 SATB, 234 AA Batr. 192 MB, 173 RC, 229 FEB, 279 Signal Btln )

    * 388th Rifle Division

    * 9th Marine Brigade polkovnik N.V. Blagoveshchenskiy
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    2nd Defense Sector (12 km of frontline)

    * 386th Rifle Division - polkovnik (colonel) N.F Skutel'nikov ( sector commandant )

    *7th Marine Brigade - polkovnik E.I. Zhidilov

    *8th Marine Brigade - polkovnik V.L. Vilypanskiy
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    3rd Defense Sector (8.5 km of frontline)

    * 25th “Chapaevskaya” Rifle Division - general-mayor T.K.Kolomiets ( sector commandant )
    (“Chapaevskay” – during Civil War Vasiliy Ivanovich Chapaev, famous Hero of Civil War, was commander of 25th Rifle Division. He was killed in 1919 (drowned when he was wounded and tried to swim through river under fire), in 30th years USSR made famous movie “Chapaev”, in USSR everyone saw this movie and knew who was Chapaev. “Chapaevskay” means “of Chapaev”)
    * 79th Naval Rifle Brigade

    * 3rd Marines Regiment

    * 2nd Perekopskiy Marines Regiment
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    4th Defense Sector (8.5 km of frontline)

    * 95th (Moldavian) Rifle Division- polkovnik A.G. Kapitokhin ( sector commandant )

    * 172th Rifle Division - polkovnik Ivan Laskin

    In every sector rifle troops were reinforced by artillery regiments, machinegun battalions of coast defense pillboxes, batteries of antitank artillery regiments.
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    Reserve

    * 354th Rifle Division - polkovnik N.S. Guz

    * local rifle regiment of coast defense

    * one regiment of 308th Rifle Division

    * armored train “Zheleznyakov”

    * 125th Independent Tank Btln.
    345th Rifle Division arrived in December had 25 T-26 tanks in the 125th Separate Tank Btln.
    * 81st Independent Tank Btln.
    The 81st Ind. Tank Btln. (T-34, 12 T-26, BT-7) was deployed as the army's reserve in Khutor 500m south-east from Pyshnov. 125th Ind. Tank Btln (25 T-26) was subordinated to the 25th Rfl.Div. and was deployed in ambushes in northern spurs of Martynovsky ravine. Also the 81st tank btln had a motorised submachinegun platoon (40 men) and a platoon of anti-tank rifles (12 rifles). Both on T-20 "Komsomolets"prime-movers.

    First tankists took part in combats on June 08 (6 tanks)for eliminating of enemy's infantry (~250men) in the rears of the 287th Rfl.Reg. Later tanks were used in Martynovsky ravine vis. 10 German tanks and infantry. there they destroyed 4 German tanks, 3 AT guns and much infantry. Self-losses 1 knocked out tank. Tank missions were in brief attacks and counter attacks together with the Soviet infantry.
    After retreat of the Soviet troops to the line: Norhtern Bay, Tsyganskaya gully, Tchetaritor, the 125th Tank Btln was redeployed to the southern direction (Khomutovskaya gully)
    In the fights together with the 7th Brigade and 388th Rfl.Div. battalion lost 9 tanks (including 2 from bombs)
    The 81st Tank Btln lost its last 4 vehicles on the Kazachia bay line on July 02. Its residuals (4 officers and 5 soldiers) was evacuated to Novorossiysk.
    The 125th Tank Btln retreated on June 30 to Pyatnitskiy Khutor and was ordered to defend Kommuna-Poznova Khutor line. On July 01-02 the btln was retreating to Kamyshovaya bay line. On July 03 the battalion commander Major Listobayev, starshiy politruk Osokin and 5 soldiers with 1 tank having 15 shells took the last fight. Their fate is unknown.
    .................................................. .................................

    * 40. Cavalry Divison (without horses) ?

    * 1st Sevastopol Marine regiment – polkovnik P.F. Gorpistchenko ( ? )

    * 138th Antitank Battalion ( ? )

    * 174th Antitank Battalion ( ? )

    * 176th Antitank Battalion ( ? )

    * Tank-destroyer brigade ( ? )

    * local people's militia regiment (?)

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    * 1. Independent Artillery Battallion - kapitan Konstantin Radowski

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 10 ( 4x 203mm ) "Mamaschaij" - M.V. Matushenko

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 18 ( 4 x 152 mm )

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 19bis - ( 2 x 152 mm ) - M.S. Drapushko

    - Coast Defense BatteryNo. 30 ( 4x 305mm ) "Maxim Gorykiy I" - kapitan K.A. Alexander
    Paul Carrell: 'Hitler's War On Russia', p.473
    ' ''Maxim Gorky 1'' was three storeys deep - a veritable town. The fort had its own water and power supply, field hospital, canteen, ammunition lifts, arsenals and deep battle stations. Every room and every corridor was protected by double steel doors. Each of these had to be blasted open individually....When the doors burst, the sappers flung hand grenades into the smoke and waited for the fumes to disperse...then they went on. The corridors were littered with dead....The Germans came under machine-pistol fire, grenades were flung back..thus it went on hour after hour.. Of the fort's complement of 1000 only 50 were taken prisoner, and they were wounded..'


    - Coast Defense Battery No. 35 ( 4x 305mm ) "Maxim Gorykiy II" - kapitan A. Ya. Lestchenko ( ? )

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 54 ( Destroyed in November 1941. )

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 111 ( 2 x 130 mm ) "Malakhov"

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 113 ( 2 x 130 mm )

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 114 ( 2 x 130 mm )

    - Coast Defense Battery No. 115 ( 2 x 130 mm, 2x 100mm )

    30th (BB-30), 35th (BB-35),

    *10th (BB-10) and 54th (BB-54) batteries (and ONLY these batteries) were combined in 1st Separate Artillery Battalion, not Division (Russian "divizion" term means "battalion" for artillery, not "division", I wrote about it earlier but I had only my experience in that time, now I have also link on source where Russian "divizion" term used - ;-)).

    * 10th battery was near village Mama-Shay.

    * 54th battery was near village Nikolaevka and had 4x102 mm guns.
    - Fort Konstantin ( infantry weapons )

    - North-Fort ( infantry weapons )

    - Fort Malakhov ( infantry weapons )

    - Fort Nr. 12 „Liter B (Cheka) ( field-guns, infantry weapons )

    - Fort Balaklava North ( infantry weapons )

    - Fort Balaklava South

    - (Floating Antiaircraft Battery No. 3) - Lt. Captain (lieutenant commander) S. Ya. Moshenskiy.

    June 6, 1942

    "To the Luftwaffe's considerable relief the large antiaircraft raft PZB-3 ( Floating Antiaircraft Battery No. 3 ) - known to the soviets as Ne tron' menya ( Don't touch me ) - in Severnaya Bay was destroyed by 2./KG 51's Oberleutnant Ernst Hinrich that evening. Generaloberst von Richthofen, who personally witnessed the conspicous explosion of the antiarcraft raft from the cockpit of his Fieseler Storch, was so enthusiastic that he immediately called Hinrich's commander and told him that the succesful pilot would be awarded the Knight's Cross."
    [ source: Black Cross Red Star V. 2, chapter 20 ]
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    ( more info on fortifications etc. here. )
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    Individuals:

    * Lyudmila Mikhailovna Pavlichenko ( Hero of the Soviet Union )

    * Efreitor Ivan Bogatyr ( Hero of the Soviet Union ) - Shot some hundreds of fascists with the machine-gun ( Germans were often called "fascists" in USSR, German troops - "German-fascist troops" )

    * Sniper-instructor Noy Adamiya (Hero of the Soviet Union ) - killed near 200 "gitlerovets" ( "Hitler's men", it was also name of German soldiers in USSR ).

    * Scout Mariya Baida ( Hero of the Soviet Union ) - carried from battlefield some hundreds of wounded "boyets"s and "komandir"s ( It means "fighters" and "commanders", Red Army before 1943 had no epoulets, soldiers, sergeants and officers, soldiers were called "fighters", sergeants and officers were called "commanders". Army was called RKKA - Raboche-Krestianskaya Krasnaya Armiya [Worker-Peasants Red Army], short name - Krasnaya Army )

    IMPORTANT NOTE
    * Please take a look at Andrey's and amvas's posts below!
    They are much more detailed and contain excellent information!. Many informations and names from this post are from Andrey's and amva's articles!

  • #2
    3. OAG ( Osobaya Aviatsionnaya Gruppa = Soviet special aviation group )

    * 6 GIAP/VVS-ChF - Kapitan Mikhail Avdeyev 1 AE/ 6 GIAP/VVS-ShF

    * 32 GIAP/VVS-ChF - Mayor Gubriy

    * 18 ShAP/VVS-ChF

    * 23 AP/VVS-ChF

    * 45 IAP/ 5 VA
    ( On June 10 twenty Yak-1s of 45 IAP/5 VA arrived in Sevastopol from the northwestern Caucasus. Next day a group of eight ChF YAK-1s followed to reinforce 3 OAG. )

    ( On May 20, 3 OAG reported a strength of ninety-eight aircraft, of which fifty-three were servicable.
    VVS-ChF units based in the northwestern Caucasus and parts of 5 VA in the same area were able to
    support 3 OAG over Sevastopol, but only on a limited scale, and almost exclusively during the hours of darkness...
    [ source: Black Cross Red Star V. 2, chapter 20 ]

    Comment


    • #3
      Black Sea Fleet

      [* battleship "Parizhskaya Kommuna" ]
      ( The Parizhskaya Kommuna took part in the landing at Feodosiya and Sudak in January 1942,
      and bombarded German positions in the Crimea until March 1942. She was taken for repairs to Poti, where she was renamed the Sevastopol on the 31 May 1943.

      * destroyer "Tashkent" ( flotilla leader ) captain Yeroshenko V.N.
      ( During the siege of Sevastopol, Tashkent was used as a transport and made 40 round trips with supplies.
      On 28 of June "Tashkent" was damaged during breakthrough from Sevastopol but it didn't sink. "Tashkent" came in Novorossiysk with help of destroyer "Bditel'nyy" and already on 30 of June "Tashkent" was ready for sea moving from Novorossiysk in Poti for repair. Novorossiysk was not safe place for famous "Tashkent".
      But on 1 of July storm was in sea in the path between Novorossiysk and Poti and moving in Poti was delayed.
      In 12.00 (00.00 PM) of 2 of July "Tashkent" in Novorossiysk harbor (it was moored to berth) was suddenly attacked by 25-30 Ju-87 and sank after many bomb hitting (40 seconds after hitting of 1st bomb).
      Land anti-aircraft defense didn't give call of Air Alarm, nobody was ready for Air Strike and flaks of "Tashkent" were first Soviet flaks in Novorossiysk which fired in that Air Strike. German bombers came from land, they flew in low altitude in place which was usually used by Soviet Aircraft for moving to and from frontline. It was not usual attack against Novorossiysk or ships in Novorossiysk harbor, crew of German bomber, which was shot down during this attack, said that during this attack directly leader "Tashkent" was one of main targets.
      Germans many times tried to sink "Tashkent", they called this ship "pale blue cruiser". In one small Soviet poem about "Tashkent" which was printed in newspaper of this ship it was called " pale blue handsome man".
      During the same Air Strike German bombers sank destroyer "Bditel'nyy". )

      * cruiser "Molotov"

      * cruiser "Komintern"

      * cruiser " Krasnyj Krym "

      * destroyer "Kharkov"

      * destroyer "Bezuprechnyy" ( The combat report for II./StG 77 for June 26 reads: "Eight Ju 87s attacked the destroyer...Two direct hits were scored. the destroyer sank after two minutes"...)

      * destroyer "Sovershennyy" ( Sunk by german bombers on June 8 in the port of Sevastopol.)

      * destroyer "Svobodniy" ( Sunk by He 111s of I./KG 100 "Wiking" on June 10.)

      * destroyer "Bditel'nyy" ( Sunk by german bombers at Novorossiysk on July 02'42. )

      * destroyer "Soobrazitel'nyy"

      * destroyer "Nezamozhnik"

      * patrol boat "SKA-092" ( Sunk on June 13 by german bombers enroute to Sevastopol)

      * minesweeper "TShch-27" ( Sunk on June 13 by german bombers enroute to Sevastopol)

      * motorboat SP-40 ( Sunk on June 13 by german bombers enroute to Sevastopol)

      * survey vessel "Gyuys" ( Sunk by german bombers on June 8 in the port of Sevastopol.)

      * tranport ship "Belostok"

      * transport ship "Abkhaziya" ( Sunk by He 111s of I./KG 100 "Wiking" on June 10.)

      * transport ship "Gruziya" ( Sunk on June 13 by german bombers enroute to Sevastopol)

      * transport ship "Ukraina"

      * transport ship "Proletariy"

      * transport ship "Elbrus"

      * tanker "Mikhail Gromov" ( Sunk on June 2 by He 111 torpedo bombers of II./KG 26. )

      * submarine A-1

      * submarine A-2

      * submarine A-4

      * submarine D-4

      * submarine D-5

      * submarine D-6
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      ...and more...

      ...to counter the frightening Soviet fleet in the Black Sea, composed of a battleship (Pariskaja Kommuna), four heavy cruisers (among them the Molotov, based on a pre-war Italian project) approximately ten naval destroyers (some of them heavy ones, of the Kharkov class), the flotilla leader Tashkent, approximately 29 small and medium tonnage submarines and numerous patrol and transport units.
      ( source: M.A.S. and Midget Submarines in the Black Sea 1942-1943. )

      Additional sources:

      Maritime Library ( russian site )
      Sevastopol ship info. ( russian site )
      Leader Tashkent ( russian site - Recollections of Captain of the Tashkent, Vasiliy Nikolayevich Yeroshenko)
      "Tashkent" in combat. ( russian site )
      The destroyer "Tashkent" in the battle for Sevastopol ( From "Red Star." by Eugene Petrov )
      Steelnavy.com - The Russian Battleships: Sevastopol Class ( Excellent book review with lots of photos )

      [ Black Cross Red Star V. 2, chapter 20 ]

      free internet translation services:

      Babelfish

      Comment


      • #4
        additional sources:

        RKKAWWII

        Sevastopol ( ru. ) Article about the influence of the battle for Sevastopol / June-July 1942 on the entire motion of the summer-autumn campaign of 1942 on the southern wing of the Soviet-German front.

        Cape Khersones ( ru. ) Article about the 30th and 35th battery and the defense of Sevastopol.

        Sewastopol fortifications Coastal batteries, Forts, Infantry- and Anti Aircraft installations...

        Armoured Train "Zheleznyakov"

        Comparative Table of WWII Ranks

        On the role of the "Inquisitor of the Red Army" in the disaster of the Crimean Front during May 1942. Russian article.

        Articles from militera.lib.ru

        * Crimean Notebooks ( ru. )

        * Sevastopol armored train ( ru. )

        * Under us - The Black Sea ( ru. )

        Articles about coastal battery No. 30:

        Soviet Dunkirk ( ru. )

        Last ferroconcrete battleship ( ru. )

        Last volleys of the 30th battery ( ru. )

        free internet translation services:

        Babelfish

        Many thanks to JaegerMeister , amvas and Andrey for additional informations and corrections! :-)

        Regards, Sven


        Comment


        • #5
          Re.....

          Hi,

          Hmmmm.... Rather detailed listing.... :thumb:
          But maybe some errors....

          From the first look:

          "Taskent" - leader never been a heavy crewser. It was
          "Destroyer's leader"

          Aother destroyer name was "Svobodny"

          Other data need to be thoroughly checked

          Alex
          If you fire a rifle at the past, the future will fire a cannon at you.....

          Comment


          • #6
            Hi, Sven!
            Check also detailes for 2,25,95 Rfl Divisions on RKKA.RU site
            http://www.rkka.ru/handbook/regsd1.htm
            2. Rifle Division - Was formed on Nov 23'41 based on the 2nd Cav. Div Renamed into 109th Rfl. Div. Jan 29'42 - Southern sector
            383,1330, 1330 Rfl. Reg. united NKVD frontier gds. rfl, Reg 51st AR, 105
            From Jan 29'42: 381,456,602 Rfl Reg, 404 AR, 256 SATB, 234 AA Batr. 192 MB, 173 RC, 229 FEB, 279 Signal Btln
            commander: Gen-Major. Novikov P.G.

            * 25. Rifle Division - Col. Kolomiets T.K.

            * 95. Rifle Division - Ok

            * 172. Rifle Division - Polkovnik Ivan Laskin - Ok (Col. I.A. Laskin)

            * 354. Rifle Division -> 345th Rfl. Div.

            * 386. Rifle Division -ok

            * 388. Rifle Division-ok

            * 40. Cavalry Divison (without horses) - ok

            * 7. Marine Rifle Brigade -ok

            * 8. Marine Rifle Brigade - ok

            * 79. Naval Rifle Brigade -ok

            * 138. Antitank Battalion - No data

            * 174 . Antitank Battalion - No data

            * 176. Antitank Battalion - No data

            * 9. Marine Rifle Brigade ( ? )

            * Tank-destroyer brigade ( ? )

            * local people's militia regiment (?) - maybe used for reinforcement
            **************************************************
            Addon on Nov 08'41:
            42nd Cav. Division
            1330Rfl Reg/421st Rfl. Div. (~8000men)
            1, 51,52,57,69,265,397 ARs, 99, 134 HAR
            18th Marine Btln.
            On Dec 20 received:
            79th Naval Rifle Brigade Brigade
            345th Rfl. Div. + 125th STB (25 T-26)
            Before the third assault:
            1st sector: 109th, 388th Rfl. Div
            2nd - 386th Rfl. Div., 7,8 Marine Brigades
            3rd - 25Rfl. Div., 79th Nav. Rfl. Brig., 3rd Naval Rfl. Reg., 2nd Perekopsky Naval Rfl .Reg.
            4th- 95,172 Rfl. Div.
            reserve - 345th Rfl. Div. (Col. N.O. Guz'), Coastal guard regiment, One Rifle Reg/308th Rfl. Div., 2 Tank Btlns and Armored train "Zheleznyakov"
            Fleet:
            I obtain complete listing of all ships, but wouldn't cite it as it too huge job.

            Some comments:
            "Tashkent" destroyer leader - was sank in Novorossiysk on July 02'42 being hit by 2 bombs during massive bombing and sank there. Equipment dismantled.
            "Bditelniy" destroyer was sank at the same time.

            You also missed much other destroyers and other cruisers.............
            If you fire a rifle at the past, the future will fire a cannon at you.....

            Comment


            • #7
              Thank you very much for your answers amvas ! That's great info!

              You also missed much other destroyers and other cruisers.............
              Yes, I know, but I couldm't find more detailed information yet... ( And we don't need that info as much as we need the info about the soviet infantry forces / tank battalions )

              By the way, what are these men:


              Sailors ? naval rifle infantry ? marines ?

              Regards, Sven

              Comment


              • #8
                Naval

                Originally posted by Trommelfeuer
                Thank you very much for your answers amvas ! That's great info!

                Yes, I know, but I couldm't find more detailed information yet... ( And we don't need that info as much as we need the info about the soviet infantry forces / tank battalions )

                By the way, what are these men:

                Regards, Sven

                If you can read Russian you may find this in Russian internet. Even if you don't I may find some adresses for you and you can use automatic translators (like translate.ru) to read them.

                Actually much info on Navy forces

                I obtain several good books on this item, but this (together with Aircrafts). is out of my site's policy I can't describe all!!!
                Even now I obtain a materials for dozen years of work!

                As for the photo, the most believable is Naval Rifles version

                Best regards, Alex
                If you fire a rifle at the past, the future will fire a cannon at you.....

                Comment


                • #9
                  Full list of the Soviet fleets

                  Full listing of the Soviet fleet of Black Sea (for ALL years) you may find on

                  http://flot.sevastopol.info/ship/ :thumb: :thumb: :thumb:

                  Use automatic translator!
                  If you fire a rifle at the past, the future will fire a cannon at you.....

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Wow! :thumb: That's really great info!
                    Thank you very much for this !

                    Regards, Sven

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Ships

                      Originally posted by Trommelfeuer
                      Wow! :thumb: That's really great info!
                      Thank you very much for this !

                      Regards, Sven


                      If you want to specify the fate of a specific ship, you may ask me and I can give you a brief answer....
                      If you fire a rifle at the past, the future will fire a cannon at you.....

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Some remarks from position of Russian:

                        "Maxim Gorki" is wrong, "Maxim Gorykiy" is more right.

                        "Kapitan Alexeij Leschtschenko" is not correct, "Alexey Lestchenko" is more right

                        "Malakow" is wrong, "Malakhov" is more correct.

                        "Tscheka" is not correct, "Cheka" is more corect.

                        PS: It is only my opinion.

                        Andrey

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          7 Marine Rifle Brigade – col. Zhidilov E.I.
                          8 Marine Rifle Brigade – col. Vilypanskiy V.L.
                          95 Rifle Division – general-major Vorobiev V.F.
                          345 Rifle Division – col. Guz N.S.
                          1st Sevastopol Marine regiment – col. Gorpistchenko P.F.

                          used non-Russian term “Colonel” (“polkovnik”)

                          Source - http://www.sevastopol.info/history/hist_2oborona.htm

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Small additional comment:

                            "Marine Rifle Brigade" is wrong term, "Rifle" word was not used in name of Marines units. So "Marine Brigade" is more correct.

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              WOW.

                              I don't know about you guys, but I feel ready for my Russian military history exam. This is some excellent stuff!
                              Stay Alert, Stay Alive!

                              Comment

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