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  • Red Army Commissars

    Are Russian historians, today, re-looking and re-evaluating the role and value of the commissars, political officers and First Members of the Soviet in Red Army units at all echelons?

    The question is prompted by statistics in Makarov's Rocket Artillery of the Red Army 1941-45. In his Table 7, the Guards Mortar Units schools set up courses for improving officers in such positions as Regiment, Battalion, Battery, Platoon commanders and for Deputy Commander Battery and Battalion for Political section. The number of officers for the political section was over half of all the total officers sent to the improving courses.

    If anyone knows of a current work and/or website looking at the commissar role and value, a citation would be greatly appreciated.
    Leadership is the ability to rise above conventional wisdom.

  • #2
    Originally posted by R.N. Armstrong View Post
    Are Russian historians, today, re-looking and re-evaluating the role and value of the commissars, political officers and First Members of the Soviet in Red Army units at all echelons?

    The question is prompted by statistics in Makarov's Rocket Artillery of the Red Army 1941-45. In his Table 7, the Guards Mortar Units schools set up courses for improving officers in such positions as Regiment, Battalion, Battery, Platoon commanders and for Deputy Commander Battery and Battalion for Political section. The number of officers for the political section was over half of all the total officers sent to the improving courses.

    If anyone knows of a current work and/or website looking at the commissar role and value, a citation would be greatly appreciated.
    Hi

    It's not my subject.
    But I would recommend to browse through dissertations.
    Like

    Работа политорганов, командного состава, партийных и комсомольских организаций в танковых и механизированных частях в период коренного перелома в Великой Отечественной войне :Апрель-август 1943 г.
    http://www.dissercat.com/content/rab...#ixzz4hkMXCP2E

    Деятельность командиров, политорганов и политработников Днепровской и Дунайской флотилий по патриотическому и интернациональному воспитанию личного состава флотилий на завершающем этапе Великой Отечественной войны :1944-1945 гг.

    http://www.dissercat.com/content/dey...#ixzz4hkMhBXfd


    Деятельность органов государственной власти и военного управления по политическому воспитанию военнослужащих Красной армии

    http://www.dissercat.com/content/dey...skomu-vospitan

    Политическая работа в Красной Армии :1939 г. - июнь 1941 г.

    http://www.dissercat.com/content/pol...-g-iyun-1941-g

    Воспитательная работа в воздушных армиях фронтовой авиации в годы Великой Отечественной войны: опыт и уроки

    http://www.dissercat.com/content/vos...-otechestvenno
    If you fire a rifle at the past, the future will fire a cannon at you.....

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    • #3
      Just a thought...

      If these improving courses were strictly military in nature, such as improving tactical and operational knowledge, then the high proportion of political officers might be due to a lack of military training.

      Comment


      • #4
        Originally posted by NoPref View Post
        Just a thought...

        If these improving courses were strictly military in nature, such as improving tactical and operational knowledge, then the high proportion of political officers might be due to a lack of military training.
        Or these political officers divined how the future would look like,
        wanted to be in its vanguard and invest in themselves by following courses in military technology of the future such as Rocket Artillery.

        Had I been a political commissar I could consider such a career move. It would set me apart more than following courses in infantry or tank tactics.
        BoRG

        You may not be interested in War, but War is interested in You - Leon Trotski, June 1919.

        Comment


        • #5
          There are examples for both above thoughts.

          Early in the war, the political officers held strong decisions in tactical/operational level combat decisions. For example, during the June battles in the bloody triangle in the Ukraine, the Front Political officer, Corps Commissar Vashugin intervened in the 8th Mech Corps operations threatening to execute the commander and assigned the corps political officer Popel to take commander of the 34th Tank division for retaking Dubno. Smart political officers who could end up assuming command would have sought to get as much tactical training as possible.

          Others did as Sennef suggests. For example, after the successful debut of Katyusha battery in the Western Front in mid-July, a political officer in the Guards Mortar Command was given command of one of the eight newly formed Katyusha batteries at the end of July. Lieutenant P.N. Degtyarev took a battery of four BM-13 rocket launchers towards Leningrad. Lieutenant General Degtyyrev became the Commander of the Guard Mortar Force when it was placed under the Red Army Artillery command in the last period of the war.
          Leadership is the ability to rise above conventional wisdom.

          Comment

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