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  • Delta Force & Other Special Forces

    I'm looking for some information about Delta Force. Mainly what is their unit break down, do they have "A" teams like the Green Berets? What kind of weapons do they use, besides the standard answer of the most high-tech ones in the world.

    Also some Special Forces questions:

    What exactly is a Army Ranger's "Chalk" I heard of it whe reading about Black Hawk Down.

    What is the unit break down of an Army Ranger's unit in combat? Like how many are in each squad and fireteam?

    And how is the Rangers different from Delta?

    Thanks for the intell.
    Jay Patterson

  • #2
    A "Chalk" refers to a group of soldiers that are on an aircraft. It's not really an organization but just a way of remembering which aircraft you're suppose to be on. ie. chalk 1 is on aircraft 34467, chalk 2 is on aircraft 34655, etc. etc.

    Rangers are nothing more than glorified infantry. They usually have missions that are too tough for regular infantry and are often behind enemy lines. Blowing up bridges, supply interdiction, and long range reconnaisance are some examples. They are organized under regular infantry lines, ie. Bn's and Co's.

    Delta's main mission is counter-terrorism. They are equal to Britain's SAS. They often are assigned hostage rescue, sniping, surveillance and counter-surveillance missions. Delta is very unconventional and is organized according to the mission, sometimes teams are assigned and even individual soldiers are given missions. As for weapons, they use basically whatever they need for the particular mission and are given very much latitude towards equipment and weapons.
    If you can't set a good example, be a glaring warning.

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    • #3
      Charlie Beckwith's and Eric Haney's books have a lot of tactical, equipment and organization insights (a lot more than e.g. SAS books).

      Delta Force doesn't have anything in common with Green Berets style special forces, except they are sometimes kicked to train other people's fighters as well.

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      • #4
        Originally posted by Jayl
        I'm looking for some information about Delta Force. Mainly what is their unit break down, do they have "A" teams like the Green Berets?
        My understanding is that they use ad hoc formations, tailored to the individual mission.

        What kind of weapons do they use, besides the standard answer of the most high-tech ones in the world.
        Potentially anything, but among these are:
        MP5 SMG
        M4 carbine
        handguns - primarily 9mm and .45
        a variety of specialized weapons, incluidng non-firearms

        Also some Special Forces questions:

        What exactly is a Army Ranger's "Chalk" I heard of it whe reading about Black Hawk Down.
        it is the smallest functional unit of a ranger formation, usually 4 to 12 men, if I recall correctly

        What is the unit break down of an Army Ranger's unit in combat? Like how many are in each squad and fireteam?
        this is tailored to the mission, terrain, etc.

        And how is the Rangers different from Delta?
        different missions

        Thanks for the intell.
        not a problem
        Mens Est Clavis Victoriae
        (The Mind Is The Key To Victory)

        Comment


        • #5
          Originally posted by hogdriver
          Quote:
          Also some Special Forces questions:

          What exactly is a Army Ranger's "Chalk" I heard of it whe reading about Black Hawk Down.

          it is the smallest functional unit of a ranger formation, usually 4 to 12 men, if I recall correctly
          A chalk is an air assault term. Once troops are on the ground they revert to traditional TOE.
          If you can't set a good example, be a glaring warning.

          Comment


          • #6
            Charlie Beckwith's and Eric Haney's books have a lot of tactical, equipment and organization insights (a lot more than e.g. SAS books).

            Delta Force doesn't have anything in common with Green Berets style special forces, except they are sometimes kicked to train other people's fighters as well.
            What a coincidence, I'm currently reading Col. Beckwith's Delta Force right now,I'm currently in Vietnam chapters right now.

            After digging up some information, I have got the following intell about Delta and the Rangers, please correct me if I am wrong on any of these:

            1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta

            ORGANIZATION

            1. There are 3 Squadrons, broken down into an unknown number of Troops. Each Troop has 16 men. These are further broken down into four 4-man squads. Each squad is color-coded for organizational and control purposes. There are about 800 members of Delta, with about 225 "shooters". Of the 225 operators, 1/3 are snipers.

            2. Detachment designations:
            * D - Command and Control (The Headquarters)
            * E - Communications, Intelligence and Administrative Support (includes finance, logistics, medical detachment, research and development, technology and electronics, etc.)
            * F - Operational Arm (The operators themselves)
            * The medical detachment maintains special doctors at Fort Bragg and various other bases around the country secretly, to provide medical assistance as needed.
            * "The Funny Platoon": This is the in-house Intelligence arm of Delta. They grew out of a long-running dispute/rivalry with ISA. They will infiltrate a country ahead of a Delta intervention to gather intelligence. They are the only US Special Operation Force to employ woman in a combat role (the only other SOF that has employed women at all has been Army Special Forces, and then, only in a training role).
            * Delta has acquired a small Aviation Squadron for limited in-house use. This consists of twelve AH-6 Attack and MH-6 Transport helicopters. These have been painted in civilian colors and have fake tail number IDs. They still rely on the 160th SOAR and USAF for larger operations.

            MISSIONS

            1. Counterterrorism
            2. Proactive Counter-terrorism (Hunting individual terrorist leaders, attacks on terrorist camps, etc.)
            3. POW recovery ops during wartime
            4. Strategic Reconnaissance
            5. Special Assault
            6. Security
            7. Assist in nuclear terror threats/recovery of nuclear devices

            NOTES: Some May Be Unconfirmed

            1. All Delta members have pagers for 24-hour call-ups.
            2. All operators in Delta have been issued Federal Weapons Permits, which allow them to travel anywhere armed. They are ALWAYS armed.
            3. Delta has relaxed grooming standards (long hair, earrings, etc.) to assist in undercover ops.
            4. All members of Delta and their families are given cover stories to prevent their unit affiliation from leaking out.
            5. Delta is almost all US Army, but members of the Reserves, National Guard, and the other services can also apply. They will be placed on duty with the unit if selected and serve a 3-year tour with the unit.
            6. UNCONFIRMED: I have come across several times the statement that Delta and SEAL Team 6 no longer go by those names. They are left on for dealing with the public but are referred to by some other designation in official communications. This, as I said, is unconfirmed.

            RANKS AND REQUIREMENTS

            Command structure:

            * SFOD-D Commanding Officer: Colonel
            * Deputy (XO): Lt. Colonel
            * Squadron Commanders: Lt. Colonel
            * Administrative/Intelligence/Logistics/Operations/Support Directorates
            * Commanders: Lt. Colonels
            * Troop Commanders: Captains or Majors, plus a Sergeant Major
            * Squad Commanders: Senior Sergeants

            All members of SFOD-D are either Sergeants (E-5) or higher for enlisted or Captains or higher for officers.

            To enter SFOD-D a candidate must meet the following criteria before beginning the training course:

            * Male (exceptions for the "Funny" platoon) and at least 22 years of age
            * Physical evaluation
            * PT test (including swim qualification)
            * Psychological evaluation and Background Investigation
            * Airborne-qualified or able to attend airborne training
            * Be between the ranks of E-5 (Sergeant) and E-7 (Sergeant First Class) for enlisted
            * Be either an O-3 (Captain) or O-4 Major with at least 1 year of command experience at the company level for officers
            * Enlisted must have at least a 110 or higher GT Score and officers must have either a BS or BA degree

            ARMAMENTS

            While SFOD-D has the ability to choose weapons outside of the US military arsenal, this is usually only done if a mission would require it for some reason (such as a covert operation). They mostly stay with US-issue weapons for logistical and maintenance reasons. The weapons commonly (but not exclusively) carried are:

            * M-16 series of weapons (depending upon the mission which variant that is carried)
            * Mossberg 500 Shotguns
            * Remington 870 Shotguns
            * M40 Sniping Systems
            * M21 Sniping Systems
            * HK MP-5 series of weapons
            * Beretta M9 Pistols
            * Colt M1911A1 Pistols
            * SOCCOM pistol system
            * Macmillian and Barrett .50 Weapons Systems (these were used in Desert Storm for disabling SCUDs from a distance)
            Jay Patterson

            Comment


            • #7
              75th Ranger Regiment

              ORGANIZATION

              1. Rangers consist of three battalions, headquarters, and headquarters company.
              * 1st Battalion is located at Hunter Army AirField, Georgia.
              * 2nd Battalion is located at Fort Lewis, Washington.
              * 3rd Battalion is located at Fort Benning, Georgia.
              * Headquarters is located at Fort Benning, Georgia.

              2. Each battalion contains:
              * 3 Combat Companies with: 3 Rifle Platoons (about 45 men each), Weapons Platoon (about 23 men). Each Rifle Platoon is made up of 3 Rifle Squads of three Fire teams each and a machine gun squad. All squad leaders are at least Staff Sergeants and team leaders are Sergeants. Specialists (equivalent to Corporals) who have the Ranger Tab (attended Ranger School) may be team leaders when necessary.
              * Battalion Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) with: Company headquarters, Fire Support Team, USAF FAC Team, Medical Team, Communications Team, Support Section (Food Service, etc.).

              3. Headquarters contains: Commanding Officer (colonel), his staff, special staff (communications officer, fire support officer, surgeon, staff judge advocate, USAF weather officer and USAF tactical air control officer), HQ Company Staff, Fire Support Element, Communications Platoon, Reconnaissance Platoon, Medical Treatment Team, and RIP (Ranger Indoctrination Program).

              TRAINING

              1. Jump School: All must have attended Jump School/be Airborne qualified.
              2. Ranger Indoctrination Program (RIP): 3 1/2-week program designed to weed out those who can't make it. Timed marches/runs, swim tests, and military skill testing. After this is completed, the men are considered Rangers and go to the Battalions for operational training. 6-12 months later they may attend the Ranger School.

              3. Ranger School:
              * Ranger Assessment Phase (RAP)--Fort Benning, Georgia (5 days). Testing for admittance to the Ranger School. PT Tests and military knowledge tests.
              * 1st Phase--Camp Darby, Georgia. Covers Hand-to-Hand Combat, Patrolling, Advanced Land Navigation, Leadership, Survival Training, PT/Obstacle Courses, Field Exercises.
              * 2nd Phase--Dugway Proving Grounds, Utah. Covers Desert Survival, Patrolling, Battle Drills, Advanced Combat Techniques (Ambushes, crossing barbed wire, assaults, etc.), Field Training Exercises.
              * 3rd Phase--Camp Merrill, Georgia. Covers mountaineering operations.
              * 4th Phase--Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Covers Jungle/Swamp Operations, additional Advanced Combat Techniques, Small Boat Operations, Field Training Exercises.

              4. Operational Training: each Battalion trains 48 weeks a year to maintain performance. Physical training is done five days a week. During a three-year cycle each battalion trains in extreme cold and in amphibious operations. Jungle, mountain and desert training are done once a year, at least. Urban training is conducted every six months.

              5. Officers and NCOs: All officers and NCOs must be Ranger School graduates and all Officers must have served at least a year in a leadership position in a non-Ranger unit (be at least a First Lieutenant).

              MISSIONS

              1. Infiltration/Exfiltration by land, air and sea.
              2. Conduct Direct Action.
              3. Conduct Raids.
              4. Recovery of Personnel and Special Equipment.
              5. Conduct Conventional or Special Light Infantry Operations.

              NOTES

              1. High number of NCOs.
              2. Highest percentage of NCOs who later become Officers in the Army.
              3. Each Battalion rotates for a month as the Ranger Ready Force. They must be able to deploy anywhere in the world within eighteen hours.
              Jay Patterson

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              • #8
                Sounds like a very interesting and insightful book, Jayl. Might have to pick up a copy.
                To whispers of Beethoven...

                "Mein Gott! Die Invasion. Sie kommen!"
                -Werner Pluskat

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                • #9
                  Originally posted by freightshaker
                  A chalk is an air assault term. Once troops are on the ground they revert to traditional TOE.
                  not necessarily.
                  Mens Est Clavis Victoriae
                  (The Mind Is The Key To Victory)

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    I'm sure they're still called a chalk!
                    but anyway!
                    If you ever want to know know something in a hurry, check out this site!!
                    www.answers.com

                    or go here!
                    US Special Forces
                    "Don't draw fire; it irritates the people around you!"

                    SPC-Hering[32Bat]
                    Specialist--SAW
                    32 Battalion Devils
                    (SFOD A)-D/1P/AC/32Bat/3rdSFG(A)
                    De Oppresso Liber
                    www.32bat.com

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