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Tiefburg (in Heidelberg)

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  • Tiefburg (in Heidelberg)

    The Tiefburg is located in Handschuhsheim, which is the part of Heidelberg north of the Neckar River, just off B-3 (Dossenheimer Landstrasse).

    The Tiefburg's date of origin & builders are not known to us. It is assumed that the castle was built during the early Middle Ages & used as a fortification. Traditions of the 13th & 14th century confirm that the castle was originally surrounded by a ditch. The only remains of the inner castle are the foundation walls, the vaults of the dwelling-tower & the defense walls.

    The Tiefburg was gravely damaged during the 30 Years' War. The castle was overrun & sacked by the French troops of Marshal Turenne in 1674 & finally destroyed in 1689 during the Wars of Succession. The castle's grounds, including stables, barns & dwelling-houses, used to be much larger than they are today. The outer circle stretched as far as the Dossenheimer Landstrasse.

    The bridge at the southern wall of the ditch is flanked by two arched gates. Originally, these gates had been located at the outer courtyard. They were re-erected at this spot in 1912. The four outer walls of the fortification, stretching over a length of approximately 30 meters each, date back to the 13th & 14th century. In former times, the entrance to the castle was marked by a draw-bridge. The round-arched gate is supposed to have once led to a gate-tower.

    Still visible are facilities for a portcullis for the gate. The dwelling-house in the inner courtyard, most likely the oldest building of the complex, used to be the castle's center. The mansion, also located in the courtyard, shows characteristics typical of the Gothic period. Originally built in the early 14th century, it was destroyed in 1689 & restored in 1913 by Count Raban of Helmstatt. Its original architecture is unknown.

    Today, the Knights' Hall is used for festivals & celebrations but the castle is otherwise closed to the public.

    JS

    Note: This is not the big castle in Heidelberg, it's a small one no one seems to visit -- JS
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  • #2
    How wide was the outer ring during its "hey-day"?

    Dr. S.
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    • #3
      Originally posted by Doctor Sinister
      How wide was the outer ring during its "hey-day"?

      Dr. S.
      It's about 750 meters radius, IIRC.

      JS
      Barcsi János ispán vezérőrnagy
      Time Magazine's Person of the Year for 2003 & 2006


      "Never pet a burning dog."

      RECOMMENDED WEBSITES:
      http://www.mormon.org
      http://www.sca.org
      http://www.scv.org/
      http://www.scouting.org/

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