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  • G David Bock
    replied
    Firestorm brewing as scientists work to create synthetic human DNA

    The Human Genome Project (HGP) took 13 years and $3 billion to complete.
    • Scientists planning to synthesize human DNA think it is as little as 5 years away.
    • They are seeking $100 million, and believe it will in total cost less than HGP.
    • Their aim is to get the cost of making a DNA base pair down to one cent.
    • Alex Ossola, special to CNBC.com

    ...

    As synthetic DNA is being researched, ethical questions are coming to surface 3 Hours Ago | 01:50


    Last May a seemingly commonplace meeting kicked off a firestorm of controversy. More than 100 experts in genetics and bioengineering convened at Harvard Medical School for a meeting that was closed to the public — attendees were asked not to contact news media or to post about the meeting on social media.
    The same group is getting back together in New York City next week.

    To the meeting organizers, last year's secretive measures were, counterintuitively, to make sure as many people heard about the project as possible. They were submitting a paper about the project to a scientific journal and were discouraged from sharing the information publicly before it was published.

    But there's another reason why this group of scientists, while encouraging debate and public involvement, would be wary of attracting too much attention. Their project is an effort to synthesize DNA, including human DNA. Researchers will start with simpler organisms, such as microbes and plants, but hope to ultimately create strands of human genetic code. One of the group's organizers, Jef Boeke, director of the Institute for Systems Genetics at NYU School of Medicine, told CNBC that incorporating synthesized DNA into mammalian (or even human) cells could happen in four to five years.

    This project follows in the footsteps of the Human Genome Project (HGP), the 13-year, $2.7 billion project that enabled scientists to first decode the human genome. "HGP allowed us to read the genome, but we still don't completely understand it," said Nancy Kelley, the coordinator of the new effort, dubbed GP-write.
    ...
    http://www.cnbc.com/2017/05/02/synth...n-5-years.html

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    Originally posted by T. A. Gardner View Post
    One of the problems in that is SETI is trying to find radio-type transmissions from another intelligent species. We don't know how long an intelligent species might use radio as a form of communications. We ourselves have only been able to broadcast such signals into space for about 50 - 60 years. And, have been looking for such signals for maybe a bit more than half that long.
    If, let's say, on average radio is used for 300 years then we have just a 300 year window in which to receive those signals. That's a very short time for us to detect another intelligent civilization that uses radio waves. Before that window that species didn't use the technology where we could detect it. After that window they didn't need that technology any longer. Making it harder, the signals will pass us over a 300 year period. If we weren't looking for them, we missed them entirely and they aren't coming back for a second try.
    It's akin to us going to the beach for a day and expecting to see a tsunami come ashore.
    Totally understand and agree with you the focus of SETI being towards radio wave(EM) signals. There may be rather small windows of opportunity to detect such. Our own emmisions have only reached out about 100 light years, barely one-thousandth the diameter of our galaxy. The linked article is focused towards other possible evidence, physical and non-EM, that may be from the distant past of our Solar System.

    EXCERPT:

    Abstract
    One of the primary open questions of astrobiology is whether there is extant or extinct life elsewhere the Solar System. Implicit in much of this work is that we are looking for microbial or, at best, unintelligent life, even though technological artifacts might be much easier to find.

    SETI work on searches for alien artifacts in the Solar System typica
    lly pre-sumes that such artifacts would be of extrasolar origin, even though life is known to have existed in the Solar System, on Earth, for eons.

    But if a prior technological, perhaps spacefaring, species ever aro
    se in the Solar System, it might have produced artifacts or other technosig natures that have survived to present day, meaning Solar System artifact SETI provides a potential path to resolving astrobiology’s question.

    Here, I discuss the origins and possible locations for technosignatu
    res of such a prior indigenous technological species, which might have arisen on ancient Earth or another body, such as a pre-greenhouse Venus or a wet Mars. In the case of Venus, the arrival of its global greenhouse and potential resurfacing might have erased all evidence of its existence on the Venusian surface. In the case of Earth, erosion and, ultimately, plate tectonics may have erased most such evidence if the species lived Gyr ago.

    Remaining indigenous technosignatures might be expected to be ext
    remely old, limiting the places they might still be found to beneath the surfaces of Mars and the Moon, or in the outer Solar System.
    ....
    Last edited by G David Bock; 02 May 17, 10:56. Reason: fix pdf copy-paste

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  • G David Bock
    replied
    Originally posted by G David Bock View Post
    Prior Indigenous Technological Species
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1704.07263.pdf
    Probably shoulld have clarified,
    Aliens may have existed in our solar system long before us

    The solar system that humanity calls home may have once been inhabited by an extinct species of spacefaring aliens, a top scientist has suggested.
    A space scientist has suggested ancient extraterrestrials could have lived on Mars, Venus or even Earth before disappearing without a trace.
    In a fascinating academic paper about “prior indigenous technological species,” James T. Wright from Pennsylvania State University raised the fascinating possibility that evidence of these extinct aliens could exist somewhere in the solar system.
    Wright is an astronomer who received global attention after suggesting an “alien megastructure” had been spotted in orbit around a distant star.
    ...
    http://nypost.com/2017/04/25/aliens-...ong-before-us/

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    Ancient humans may have reached Americas 100,000 years earlier than thought

    EXCERPT:
    In a provocative and controversial claim, scientists say a scattering of bones and stones suggests ancestral humans reached the New World more than 100,000 years earlier than previously thought.

    Most genetic and archaeological evidence shows humans first entered the Americas some 15,000 years ago. But a study nearly 25 years in the making in this week’s Nature finds that the 130,000-year-old bones of a mastodon, an extinct relative of the mammoth, unearthed in California were split open with blows from rocks. Rocks discovered near the bones bear the hallmarks of use as hammers, the scientists report.

    The smashed bones may have been the handiwork of a Neanderthal, the scientists say, or the more ancient human relative called Homo erectus, or even our own species, Homo sapiens.

    “We are making a claim that’s kind of out there,” acknowledges study co-author Daniel Fisher of the University of Michigan. “We have had to toil over years to make sure we have considered every angle.”

    Experts not involved in the study, however, question the claim, in part because of the total lack of other evidence of a human presence so long ago.
    ...
    http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/techno...fe4?li=BBnbfcL

    Leave a comment:


  • T. A. Gardner
    replied
    Originally posted by G David Bock View Post
    Prior Indigenous Technological Species
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1704.07263.pdf
    One of the problems in that is SETI is trying to find radio-type transmissions from another intelligent species. We don't know how long an intelligent species might use radio as a form of communications. We ourselves have only been able to broadcast such signals into space for about 50 - 60 years. And, have been looking for such signals for maybe a bit more than half that long.
    If, let's say, on average radio is used for 300 years then we have just a 300 year window in which to receive those signals. That's a very short time for us to detect another intelligent civilization that uses radio waves. Before that window that species didn't use the technology where we could detect it. After that window they didn't need that technology any longer. Making it harder, the signals will pass us over a 300 year period. If we weren't looking for them, we missed them entirely and they aren't coming back for a second try.
    It's akin to us going to the beach for a day and expecting to see a tsunami come ashore.

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    Prior Indigenous Technological Species
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1704.07263.pdf

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    22 Surprising Facts About The Early Humans
    http://www.tworeddots.com/view/surpr...e-early-humans

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    Ancient stone carvings confirm how comet struck Earth in 10,950BC, sparking the rise of civilisations

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2...0950bc-wiping/
    EXCERPTS;
    Ancient stone carvings confirm that a comet struck the Earth around 11,000BC, a devastating event which wiped out woolly mammoths and sparked the rise of civilisations.

    Experts at the University of Edinburgh analysed mysterious symbols carved onto stone pillars at Gobekli Tepe in southern Turkey, to find out if they could be linked to constellations.

    The markings suggest that a swarm of comet fragments hit Earth at the exact same time that a mini-ice age struck, changing the entire course of human history.
    ...
    Scientists have speculated for decades that a comet could be behind the sudden fall in temperature during a period known as the Younger Dryas.

    But recently the theory appeared to have been debunked by new dating of meteor craters in North America where the comet is thought to have struck.

    However, when engineers studied animal carvings made on a pillar – known as the vulture stone – at Gobekli Tepe they discovered that the creatures were actually astronomical symbols which represented constellations and the comet.
    ...
    Using a computer programme to show where the constellations would have appeared above Turkey thousands of years ago, they were able to pinpoint the comet strike to 10,950BC, the exact time the Younger Dryas begins according to ice core data from Greenland.

    The Younger Dryas is viewed as a crucial period for humanity, as it roughly coincides with the emergence of agriculture and the first Neolithic civilisations.

    Before the strike, vast areas of wild wheat and barley had allowed nomadic hunters in the Middle East to establish permanent base camps.

    But the difficult climate conditions following the impact forced communities to come together and work out new ways of maintaining the crops, through watering and selective breeding. Thus farming began, allowing the rise of the first towns.

    Edinburgh researchers said the carvings appear to have remained important to the people of Gobekli Tepe for millennia, suggesting that the event and cold climate that followed likely had a very serious impact.
    ...
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Very interesting

    DECODING GÖBEKLI TEPE WITH ARCHAEOASTRONOMY: WHAT DOES THE FOX SAY?
    http://maajournal.com/Issues/2017/Vo...017%281%29.pdf

    Volume 17, Issue 1;
    http://maajournal.com/Issues2017a.php

    Last edited by G David Bock; 21 Apr 17, 13:43.

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  • G David Bock
    replied
    Astronomers Just Discovered Second ‘Alien Megastructure’ Star.. Which Is Even Weirder Than the First One

    http://themindunleashed.com/2016/09/...structure.html


    Ring/disk of dust viewed edge on makes most sense, IMO.

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    One main theme here being the ET Intervention in hominoid evolution, via genetic manipulation, producing the human species, something like the following may be clues to the intermediate "links";
    400,000 yr-old half-skull points to mystery people

    https://www.yahoo.com/news/400-000-y...073857413.html

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    Originally posted by G David Bock View Post
    Ninth Planet - modern science catches up with ancient Sumerian accounts (given by the Anunnaki);
    http://www.msn.com/en-us/video/wonde...tem/vi-AAjc08m
    Did The Sun Steal Planet Nine From Another Solar System?

    http://www.seeker.com/did-the-sun-st...205466805.html
    Interesting video.

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    One theme here has to do with genetic manipulation, and a minor variant of genetics and gender/sex, is the mixed or intersex condition. The following provides an informative introduction;
    Model Hanne Gaby Odiele reveals she is intersex

    http://www.msn.com/en-us/lifestyle/s...9vm?li=BBnbfcL

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    One other recap here ...

    Consequence of the Geminga Supernova is the destruction of the HomeWorld, and likely some of the near-by earliest interstellar colonies. We are talking the lives of at least tens to hundreds of millions of sentient, star-faring beings of several cultures/civilizations.

    Earth would be one of likely scores or more of out-laying "frontier" worlds/colonies left without a developed base of support, having to "rise by their bootstraps" so to speak. Also there is the matter of spiritual evolution/karma/reincarnation cycles disrupted and in need of new physical/genetic worlds for continuation. The tale so far suggests Earth and humans a localized link in that restoration (we humans might be half "not of this Earth" ... ...).

    The "galaxy" wasn't so far away.
    The "Time" wasn't so long ago (in Celestial scales).

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    Another piece of the puzzle to look into, the Black Knight satellite;
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvI...2gTMo0Qe3w143A

    Leave a comment:


  • G David Bock
    replied
    More eclectic items for this subject;
    New candidate for 'missing element' in Earth's core
    Japanese scientists believe they have established the identity of a "missing element" within the Earth's core.

    They have been searching for the element for decades, believing it makes up a significant proportion of our planet's centre, after iron and nickel.

    Now by recreating the high temperatures and pressures found in the deep interior, experiments suggest the most likely candidate is silicon.

    The discovery could help us to better understand how our world formed.
    Lead researcher Eiji Ohtani from Tohoku University told BBC News: "We believe that silicon is a major element - about 5% [of the Earth's inner core] by weight could be silicon dissolved into the iron-nickel alloys."
    ...
    http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-38561076

    The quest to create animals with human organs has a long history – and it is now becoming a reality. Has science taken a step too far?
    ...
    It is 120 years since Wells first published his novel, and to read some recent headlines you would think that we are veering dangerously close to his dystopic vision. "Frankenstein scientists developing part-human part-animal chimera," exclaimed the UK's Daily Mirror in May 2016. "Science wants to break down the fence between man and beast," the Washington Times declared two months later, fearing that sentient animals would soon be unleashed on the world.
    ...
    http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20170...nimal-chimeras

    Flying Saucers to Mind Control: 22 Declassified Military & CIA Secrets
    http://www.livescience.com/40172-dec...a-secrets.html

    Ooohps, one more ...
    A Metal Ball the Size of Massachusetts That NASA Wants to Explore
    ...
    NASA will be heading to a metal world.

    The space agency announced on Wednesday that a spacecraft named Psyche would visit an asteroid named Psyche, one of two new missions it will be launching into the solar system in the 2020s.

    “For the purpose of simplicity, and out of our initial excitement, we just named our mission directly after what we’re going to visit,” said Lindy Elkins-Tanton, director of the Arizona State University school of earth and space exploration, who will serve as the mission’s principal investigator.

    From radar observations, Psyche the asteroid appears ellipsoid in shape, about as wide as Massachusetts. It is also quite dense, with estimates of 200 to 450 pounds per cubic foot, which is much denser than most asteroids. (By comparison, the average density of Earth is 344 pounds per cubic foot.)

    Psyche is also very bright, adding to suspicions that it is made of metal. “Humankind has visited rocky worlds and icy worlds and worlds made of gas, but we have never seen a metal world,” Dr. Elkins-Tanton said. “It’s the only roundish, fairly spherical metal body in our solar system. Not only is it unique, it’s improbable.”
    ...
    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/06/s...roid.html?_r=0
    Last edited by G David Bock; 13 Jan 17, 13:04.

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