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  • Advanced technology

    In 1945 which nation, overall, had the most advanced technologies?

  • #2
    Originally posted by T. A. Gardner View Post
    In 1945 which nation, overall, had the most advanced technologies?
    The USA without a doubt. Britain may have had better jet engines and tanks, and the Germans better rockets, but the US simply had a bomb free land with more money and better engineering enterprises than anywhere else.
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    • #3
      Germany. Operation Paperclip and the Soviet Union's counterpart are proof of that.
      Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes? Who is watching the watchers?

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      • #4
        Actually, Germany had very few areas were they had any significant technological advantage. Britain kept up in many areas often on a shoestring budget. The US blew the Germans away completely in a great many areas of technology. The Soviets were hit with the dual issues of Stalin having conducted a purge then having to fight a massive war. But, interestingly, prewar they were often ahead of Germany in advanced technology.

        Paperclip is grossly overrated. It had some influence in the US, but not that much. It's biggest contribution was the same as the technical mission to Japan-- To confirm the status of technological development by Germany rather than contributing any highly valuable advanced technology that was unknown already. Yes, there are a few particulars where that occurred, but on the whole the US really didn't get that much useful from it.

        The Soviets started with late war German technology in many cases as a matter of catching up having put their own programs on hold during the war. Even then, much of the technology they examined ended up being discarded as unworkable in a viable operational system.

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        • #5
          Originally posted by T. A. Gardner View Post
          In 1945 which nation, overall, had the most advanced technologies?
          Hi Terry

          For a details guy, that's a strange and very vague question

          Many nations achieved their technological advancement through collaboration, whilst others achieved it alone without the means to exploit it. Equally technology is only as as good as the doctrine its wedded to or the resource pool to achieve its stated aim. Also many technological advances were made upon the advancement in your enemies capabilities, so depending on where you are in that cycle. Add in the fact that mediocrity (through quantitative advantage) would forestall the need for technological advancement~western Allied tanks being an obvious example.

          Regards

          Andy H
          "You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life." Churchill

          "I'm no reactionary.Christ on the Mountain! I'm as idealistic as Hell" Eisenhower

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          • #6
            Originally posted by Andy H View Post

            Hi Terry

            For a details guy, that's a strange and very vague question

            Many nations achieved their technological advancement through collaboration, whilst others achieved it alone without the means to exploit it. Equally technology is only as as good as the doctrine its wedded to or the resource pool to achieve its stated aim. Also many technological advances were made upon the advancement in your enemies capabilities, so depending on where you are in that cycle. Add in the fact that mediocrity (through quantitative advantage) would forestall the need for technological advancement~western Allied tanks being an obvious example.

            Regards

            Andy H
            That's not completely true. Much of the technology of the WW 2 era was driven by a perceived threat, real or imagined, that the enemy had or potentially had. Other portions of it were a recognition that existing technology was no longer viable to perform some necessary function.

            For example, the surface-to-air missile was driven in Germany by a need to engage high flying bombers more effectively than flak guns could. In Britain and the US the big impetus was the Japanese introducing kamikaze attack aircraft which were effectively a primitive form of anti-ship missile. That was followed by a recognition that with the coming introduction of higher flying, faster jet bombers that the antiaircraft gun was going to be rendered ineffective against them.

            The big difference was in how each nation proceeded with development. In Germany the focus was on developing a missile while the guidance system was something to be developed for the most part afterwards. In Britain it was a Get something that works, however marginally, in service now and then improve it. The US took a two pronged approach. Develop something quick and dirty that works acceptably well and start serious major development programs to build something that will really work the way it should.

            Of course, the war ended before any of these projects got to an operational stage. The thing to note here is that both Britain and the US had better thought out project plans and were testing missiles independently that were comparable to what Germany was doing in 1944 - 45.

            Another area that shows this is anti-submarine warfare. Both the US and Britain were aware that faster underwater attack submarines were on the horizon and were developing system to counter these. These developments included, scanning sonars, directional and active search sonobuoys, guided torpedoes, faster sinking ahead thrown weapons, the ability for ships to use their sonar at higher speeds, towed arrays, and dedicated ASW aircraft, among other programs. These were started before the first Type XXI or I-201 class was launched.

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