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Axis Summer Offensive to Stalingrad: June 28-August 31, 1942

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  • Axis Summer Offensive to Stalingrad: June 28-August 31, 1942

    This thread is about the military aspects of the summer offensive to Stalingrad and ends after the establishment of the Volga corridor.

  • #2
    - Casualty pattern for the entire eastern front during summer offensive 1942, German forces only :


    31 March 1942: 1,107,830

    ====Blau preliminaries:

    30 April 1942: 1,167,029

    31 May 1942: 1,246,703

    ==================
    25 June, 1942: 1,299,784 casualties

    July 10, 1942 losses uptick to 1,362,836

    4 August 1942: losses uptick to 1,428,788

    16 August 1942: losses uptick to 1,472,765

    25 August 1942: losses uptick to 1,527,990


    ====Battle of Stalingrad starts around 23 August 1942

    4 Sept 1942: losses uptick to 1,589,082

    WW2 Stats: http://ww2stats.com/cas_ger_okh_dec42.html

    Comment


    • #3
      summing up



      Between10 May and 4 July, a period of just eight weeks, Heeresgruppe Süd managed to encircle and destroy major parts of nine Soviet armies in the Crimea and eastern Ukraine, inflicting over 612,000 casualties and the loss of 1,400 tanks. Von Bock’s subordinate armies accomplished these victories at a cost of 67,000 German casualties and 140 tanks and assault guns, yielding an exchange ratio of 9– 1 in personnel and 10– 1 in armour. The lop-sided nature of these losses handed the strategic initiative back to the Wehrmacht and set the stage for Operation Blau,

      .....................

      Altogether, Heeresgruppe Süd managed to assemble nine panzer and six motorized infantry divisions, with a total of 1,582 tanks for Operation Blau. Von Bock was provided thirty-two of forty-six Panzer-Abteilungen and thirteen of twenty-one Sturmgeschütz-Abteilungen

      .......................

      By early July, Soviet industrial output enabled the Red Army to achieve an overall numerical superiority of about 3.4– 1 over Germany’s armoured forces on the Eastern Front,

      ......................

      Since Stalin was convinced that the Germans would make another attempt to capture Moscow, one-third of the Red Army’s 9,100 tanks were massed around Moscow in Zhukov’s Western Front or nearby in reserve. Zhukov believed that the most likely German avenue of approach to Moscow was from the south, as Guderian had tried, so Rokossovsky’s Bryansk Front was also provided with an unusually large amount of armour – over 1,500 tanks – and one of the two new tank armies. The Stavka expected the main tank battles of 1942 to be fought in the center of the Eastern Front and the armour possessed by Zhukov, Konev and Rokossovsky had nearly an 8– 1 local superiority over Heeresgruppe Mitte’s depleted armoured forces. Elsewhere, Timoshenko’s armoured forces in the Southwest Front bounced back quickly from their defeats in May– June, but they were still outnumbered by Heeresgruppe Süd’s concentration of armour. The other Soviet fronts, between Leningrad– Staraya Russa in the north and Rostov in the south, were provided sufficient armour for infantry support missions but not for large-scale offensive operations. It is also interesting that more than one-quarter of the Red Army’s available armour – about 2,400 tanks – was in reserve and not even at the front. In contrast, the Wehrmacht had no appreciable armoured reserves on the Eastern Front or in the west – everything was committed up front.

      Forczyk, Robert (2014-02-24). Tank Warfare on the Eastern Front 1941-1942: Schwerpunkt (Kindle Locations 4771-4775). Pen and Sword. Kindle Edition.
      Last edited by Cult Icon; 19 Dec 15, 22:43.

      Comment


      • #4
        To the Gates of Stalingrad- Glantz & House

        June 28, 1942- Initial Forces, not including reinforcements

        1,250,000 Axis troops for Case Blue (950,000 German, 300,000 Axis allied)

        68 German divisions (16 motorized (9 x Pz, 7 x Mot. ID), 52 x ID)

        21 Axis Allied divisions (8 Hungarian, 7 Romanian, 6 Italian)

        1,635 armor

        ===============

        1,715,000 Soviet troops (Bryansk, Southwestern, Southern, STAKA reserve)

        93 divisions, 9 fortified regions, 90 Brigades (62 Tank Brigades, 38 Rifle Brigades)

        2,959 armor

        Comment


        • #5
          Soviet losses:

          Blau 28th June- 24 July 1942

          ~158,000 soviet prisoners reported by Wehr

          Soviet records: 568,347 casualties (370,522 KIA/POW and 197,825 wounded/sick)

          lost 2,436 armor, 13,716 guns/mortars, 783 combat aircraft

          Glantz/House count- soviet count perhaps 30% understated; POW figure is around 150,000. permanent losses ~500,000 out of ~1.3 million soviets committed in action.

          Blau I: 28 June-12 July 1942

          -Wehr reports ~ 70,000 soviet prisoners

          Blau II: 9-24 July 1942

          -Wehr reports ~ 88,000 soviet prisoners

          Advance towards Stalingrad (July 23 1942 - Sept 3 1942)


          Since mid July " more than ~300,000 soldiers and 1,000 tanks". (casualties)


          Blau and advance to Stalingrad (excluding advance into the Caucasus):


          In the range: less than 870,000 and over 1,040,000 Soviet casualties.

          armor losses greater than 3,400

          ===

          German losses only:AGS/A/B, July 1, 1942- August 31, 1942: 123,210

          Axis Allies: ??
          Last edited by Cult Icon; 20 Dec 15, 09:25.

          Comment


          • #6
            Originally posted by Cult Icon View Post
            Between10 May and 4 July, a period of just eight weeks....Von Bock’s subordinate armies accomplished these victories at a cost of 67,000 German casualties
            Losses of the Army Group South from 10.05 to 30.06.1942 as reported by chief of German Army's medical service were about 89 000 men killed, wounded and missing. In addition about 18 000 were lost in the first 10 days of July. See:
            http://ww2stats.com/cas_ger_okh_dec42.html
            Casualties of German allies were also considerable, IIRC not less than 10 thousand Romanian losses in Crimea alone.
            June 28, 1942- Initial Forces, not including reinforcements

            1,250,000 Axis troops for Case Blue (950,000 German, 300,000 Axis allied)
            The average strength of 6 armies constituting the Army Group South throughout July was 1 211 000 men. Excluding 11 Army in Crimea 1 046 000:
            http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtop...93218#p1393218
            That doesn't include forces directly under the Army Group command and Luftflotte 4, the last by all probability had from 100 000 to 200 000 personnel. So German forces employed were definitely in excess of one million men. The allied strength is somewhat difficult to estimate, they were just int he process of bringing large reinforcements to the front. At the peak Romanians, Hungarians and Italians had no less than 650 000 men on the Eastern Front.

            Comment


            • #7
              ^
              thanks for the additional information

              ======

              Casualty pattern, German forces only (AGS):

              4.PzA, 6.A..........1.PzA, 17.A......2.A, 11.A

              July 1, 1942 - July 30, 1942: 57,381

              August 1, 1942- August 31, 1942:

              AGA (1.PzA, 17.A, 11.A) : 16,604

              AGB (4.PzA, 6.A, 2.A): 49,225

              AGS/A/B, July 1, 1942- August 31, 1942: 123,210

              http://ww2stats.com/cas_ger_okh_dec42.html

              I'll do losses for the rest of the year up to April 1943 later. Losses should dramatically increase in rate.

              Comment


              • #8
                Originally posted by Cult Icon View Post
                1,715,000 Soviet troops (Bryansk, Southwestern, Southern, STAKA reserve)

                93 divisions, 9 fortified regions, 90 Brigades (62 Tank Brigades, 38 Rifle Brigades)

                2,959 armor
                It's somewhat tricky. According to numbers quoted in many Soviet sources Bryansk, South-West and South Fronts had 1715 thousand men, 16 500 guns and mortars, 2300 tanks and 758 combat airplanes by the start of "Blau". On 1.07.42 their order of battle included 69 rifle divisions, 26 rifle and motor brigades, 12 cavalry divisions, 62 tank brigades, 9 fortified regions. Krivosheev provides much different stats namely about 1 300 000 men opposing "Blau":
                Bryansk Front - 169 000
                South-West Front - 610 000
                South Front - 523 000
                The difference is inclusion of the Bryansk Front with the total strength about 550 000 men. It had part of forces versus German 2 Army/Army Group South and another part versus 2 Panzer Army/Army Group Center. The most adequate estimate will fall somewhere between those two.
                Since Stalin was convinced that the Germans would make another attempt to capture Moscow, one-third of the Red Army’s 9,100 tanks were massed around Moscow in Zhukov’s Western Front or nearby in reserve.
                I'm curios where those numbers are from. According to an official Soviet history on 1 July 1942 there were about 6 thousand tanks on the front. 40,3% were in the West and Kalinin Fronts in the central sector and 38,3% in the southern sector (Bryansk, South-West and South Fronts). That means practically equal tank strength, the same numbers in the center and in the south.
                Rokossovsky’s Bryansk Front
                Actually Bryansk Front was commanded by general Golikov.
                AGA (1.PzA, 17.A, 11.A) : 16,604

                AGB (4.PzA, 6.A, 2.A): 49,225
                Worth to pay attention that the Army Group B which was assigned a supplementary task was losing 3 times more than AGA that advanced to the Caucasian oil fields.

                Comment


                • #9
                  I'm curios where those numbers are from. According to an official Soviet history on 1 July 1942 there were about 6 thousand tanks on the front. 40,3% were in the West and Kalinin Fronts in the central sector and 38,3% in the southern sector (Bryansk, South-West and South Fronts). That means practically equal tank strength, the same numbers in the center and in the south.
                  Can you please give the link to the source ?
                  There are no Nazis in Ukraine. © Idiots

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Total number of tanks is from history of the GPW, percentage from the history of WW2 Vol.5:
                    http://www.teatrskazka.com/Raznoe/12...05all.html#t12
                    Online table has a typo in it, correct 38.3% instead of 8.3%

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Also tank strength from original documents.
                      South Front (3 July 1942) - 321 battle-ready tanks
                      South-West Front (22 June 1942) - 1017 battle-ready tanks
                      Bryansk Front (25 June 1942) - 1419 tanks (apparently battle-ready only)

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Total number of tanks is from history of the GPW,
                        The new one in 12 volumes ?
                        There are no Nazis in Ukraine. © Idiots

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          I beg your pardon. It's from the same 12 volume Soviet history of WW2, Vol.5. It's said that Soviet frontline strength by the end of June 1942 included 5.5 mln men, 6 thousand tanks, 55 600 guns and mortars and 2 600 airplanes. One can calculate absolute numbers from their table:
                          Karelian Front - 297 000 men, 3 000 guns and mortars, 150 tanks, 240 airplanes
                          North-West (Leningrad, Volkhov, North-West Fronts, 7 Separate Army) - 1 310 000 men, 15 300 guns and mortars, 960 tanks, 370 airplanes
                          Center (Kalinin and West Fronts) - 1 830 000 men, 17 600 guns and mortars, 2 400 tanks, 850 airplanes
                          South-West (Bryansk, South-West, South Fronts) - 1 710 000 men, 16 500 guns and mortars, 2 300 tanks, 760 airplanes
                          Caucasus - 360 000 men, 3 200 guns and mortars, 170 tanks, 380 airplanes
                          All numbers are approximate.
                          Last edited by Artyom_A; 20 Dec 15, 14:06.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            And reserves? That should get you roughly the same totals?

                            posted from mobile
                            One death is a tragedy; one million is a statistic.

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                            • #15
                              Originally posted by Hanov View Post
                              And reserves? That should get you roughly the same totals?
                              I don't have info anywhere close to comprehensive. On 1.07.1942 there were 19 tank brigades in reserve of Stavka which would be between 900 and 1000 tanks at full strength. Plus many units in the process of formation.

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