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The Spanish-American War of 1898.

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  • The Spanish-American War of 1898.

    The insurrection in Cuba, which broke out in 1895 and toward Cleveland, the US president, had maintained an entirely correct attitude, was increasingly attended by inhuman treatment of the rebels which aroused the sympathy of various elements in the United States and afforded an opportunity for the new "yellow press" of the US. to influence American sentiment against Spain. In feb. 1898 the USS. Maine was mysteriously blown up in Havana Harbor, producing strong feeling against Spain in the US. In the face of the belligerent attitude of the press and various groups in the country, Mc Kinley, the new US. President, finaly yielded to the war clamor, despite the fact that Spain had agreed to every condition laid down by his ultimatum with respect to Cuba. In april McKinley sent his war message to Congress asking authority for forcible intervention. The Congress adopted a resolution authorizing intervention, but disclaiming any intention of annexing Cuba. Then the War was formaly declared on 25th april. The war consisted of five operations: 1. Defeat of the Spanish fleet at Manila by Dewey in may. 2. The blockade of Cuba. 3. The surch for the main Spanish fleet. 4. The land and sea battles of El Caney and Juan Hill in July. The naval battle of Santiago. 5. The invasion of Puerto Rico. In aug. Manila wascaptured and the Peace Protocol was signed. In dec. 1898 the Treaty of Peace was signed in Paris. Spain withdrew from Cuba and ceded to the US. Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines [for the loss of the latter she was paid $ 20,000.000]. The larger effect of the war was to establish the US. as a world power and to extend the sphere of her political interests and contacts. In 1901 the Platt amendment respecting Cuba, added to the Army Appropriation Bill. The Cuban constitutional convention in corporated the amendment in the Cuban constitution in June as a condition of American withdrawal from the island. Cuba agreed not to impair her independence by treaty with foreign powers. Not to resume public debt beyond the ability of her ordinary revenues to liquidate; to permit Americasn intervention for the protection of Cuban independence; to sell or lease to the US. Land necessary for naval or coaling stations. The US supreme court held that territory might be subject to the jurisdiction of The US. Without being incorporated in the country. The constitution was not applicable, in every particular, to all lands over which the country exercised sovereignity. This enabled the US. To develop a distinctive colonial policy and to enact legislation for the goverment of backward peoples, where a degree of paternalism was necessary.

  • #2
    Casanova, if you are interested in a campaign chronicle of how the war was prosecuted in Puerto Rico, I strongly recommend Angel Rivero's "Cronica de la Guerra Hispano Americana en Puerto Rico", originally published early in the 20th Century, but republished on occasion in Puerto Rico. Lots of maps and photos and artwork in some of the better reprints.

    http://www.amazon.com/Cronica-Guerra...2818186&sr=1-1
    dit: Lirelou

    Phong trần mi một lưỡi gươm, Những loi gi o ti cơm s g!

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    • #3
      And your completely off topic point would be?
      "If you want to have some fun, jine the cavalry"

      Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown Stuart

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      • #4
        Thread moved.
        "The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there."

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