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How Britain's opium trade impoverished Indians

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  • How Britain's opium trade impoverished Indians

    How Britain's opium trade impoverished Indians.


    Historian William Dalrymple, author of The Anarchy, a new book on the East India Company, says it "ferried opium to China, fighting the opium wars in order to seize an offshore base at Hong Kong and safeguard its profitable monopoly in narcotics".

    Some historians have argued that the opium business bolstered India's rural economy and kept the farmers happy. That was not the case, as new research by Rolf Bauer, a professor of economic and social history at the University of Vienna, has found.

    For years Dr Bauer trawled through archival documents looking at the costs of producing opium and paying money to farmers.

    He also examined an exhaustive history of the trade - the 1895 Report of the Royal Commission of Opium, which ran into seven volumes and 2,500 pages.

    It contained 28,000 questions and hundreds of witness reports on the use and consumption of opium in India, and studied how the colonial government regulated its production and consumption.
    The infamous Opium Trade.

    Forced excess opium Indigo production destroyed Indian Agricultural production.

    Britain exploited it's colony to fullest potential.

    It destroyed China also.

    A sorry chapter in Colonial History.

    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49404024

  • #2
    What confounds Dr Bauer is "how a few thousand opium clerks controlled millions of peasants, forcing them to produce a crop that actually harms them".

    It's a good question.
    One that frequently returns when researching colonial history.

    Almost always, the answer is the "clerks" had "local help" (in addition to the actual European soldiers obviously) to do the dirty work for them.

    https://www.quora.com/How-many-Briti...British-colony

    The 1861 Census had revealed that the English population in India was 125,945. Of these only about 41,862 were civilians as compared with about 84,083 European officers and men of the Army. In 1880, the standing Indian Army consisted of 66,000 British soldiers, 130,000 Natives, and 350,000 soldiers in the princely armies.
    High Admiral Snowy, Commander In Chief of the Naval Forces of The Phoenix Confederation.

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    • #3
      And the British East India Company had its own enforcers.
      Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes? Who is watching the watchers?

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      • #4
        Originally posted by vikram72 View Post
        Britain exploited it's colony to fullest potential.
        That is what Empires do. They suck the resources and lifeblood out of the "provinces":

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        • #5
          This is why India was the Jewel of the Crown. Why was the UK so set on keeping it if they were not going to make a profit from it? When they became independent did India outlaw the Opium farming? If so how did the landlords survive?

          Pruitt
          Pruitt, you are truly an expert! Kelt06

          Have you been struck by the jawbone of an ASS lately?

          by Khepesh "This is the logic of Pruitt"

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          • #6
            Originally posted by Snowygerry View Post

            One that frequently returns when researching colonial history.

            Almost always, the answer is the "clerks" had "local help" (in addition to the actual European soldiers obviously) to do the dirty work for them.

            https://www.quora.com/How-many-Briti...British-colony
            The troops of East India company also local police administration of E.I.C and strong men of Opium Merchants.

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            • #7
              Originally posted by Pruitt View Post
              This is why India was the Jewel of the Crown. Why was the UK so set on keeping it if they were not going to make a profit from it? When they became independent did India outlaw the Opium farming? If so how did the landlords survive?

              Pruitt
              Legal Opium cultivation for Pharmaceutical companies is going on.

              every year a new licence is issued farmers tract are selected and for prescribed period the crop is taken.

              Otherwise it is out lawed post Independence with hefty fines and long jail terms. And non bail offence.

              Landlord system was abolished post Independence in India .

              Farm land holdings are also very small.

              Farmers moved to other commercial crops.

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