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Causes of the 30 Year's War...

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  • Stratego
    replied
    Meanwhile in the Holy Roman Empire:

    According to the Peace of Augsburg 1555 each prince in the Holy Roman Empire was to decide for himself which religion their countrymen were to follow: Lutheran or Catholicism !

    "Cuius regio, eius religio"

    There was only one problem: they forgot about the puritan Calvinists and radical Anabaptists !

    Theoretically, they were thus herectics, but there were a number of princes that were Calvinist - such Elector John of Brandenburg or Elector Frederick of the Palatine. So, outcast Calvinists could always count on the help of such influential Calvinists...although they were "outlaws", they did have the power to influence the German politics and the relationships between Lutherans and Catholics !

    But that's not all...

    More later...



    Greets,
    Stratego

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  • Nick the Noodle
    replied
    I am really going to have to over simplify here, and given the complexity of European politics at the time its difficult to sum up neatly.

    Essentially you have two branches of the House of Habsburg (Spain and Austria) in conflict with the French and the United Provences of the Netherlands. Spain 'owns' much of the Provinces and has a 'Spanish Road' that passes through France, which they allow for now. That is the link the Spanish need communication with their provinces.

    France is paranoid about being surounded by Habsburgs, the Netherlands want full independence, and the Spanish are desperate not to lose further face (eg the Armada fiasco), or lose any more territory (eg the Netherlands). It was a time bomb waiting to explode. Further, the concerns by Spain over Charles Emmanuel of Savoy Piedmont, in that their 'Road' passed through his lands, the Venetians also being worried about being surounded by the Austrian and Spanish Habsburgs, plus the Swedes ambitions in Denmark, meant a major land war was going to happen. The spark happened to be Maximillian of Bavaria occupying The Palatinate.

    Europe 1623

    Some Major Battles

    Europe 1648


    Just my opinion .

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  • Nick the Noodle
    replied
    Originally posted by Stratego View Post
    Alot of food for thought concerning a violent period of history that, for many, is very difficult to understand and follow...

    What was the importance of the rebellious Dutch provinces in causing the outbreak of the Thirty year's war?

    What was the importance of Calvinism in causing the outbreak of the Thirty Year's War?

    What was the importance of the Holy Roman Empire in causing the outbreak of the Thirty Year's war?

    What was the importance of France in causing the Thirty Year's War?

    And, how important was the situation of Bohemia in causing the outbreak of the Thirty Year's War?



    Greets,
    Stratego
    In themselves, mainly none . There was something bigger going on . These are the matches that lit the powder kegs .

    Leave a comment:


  • Stratego
    started a topic Causes of the 30 Year's War...

    Causes of the 30 Year's War...

    Alot of food for thought concerning a violent period of history that, for many, is very difficult to understand and follow...

    What was the importance of the rebellious Dutch provinces in causing the outbreak of the Thirty year's war?

    What was the importance of Calvinism in causing the outbreak of the Thirty Year's War?

    What was the importance of the Holy Roman Empire in causing the outbreak of the Thirty Year's war?

    What was the importance of France in causing the Thirty Year's War?

    And, how important was the situation of Bohemia in causing the outbreak of the Thirty Year's War?



    Greets,
    Stratego

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