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Rnd 1 Grp D - Brewster F2A Buffalo (USA) vs Hawker Typhoon & Tempest (Britain)

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  • Rnd 1 Grp D - Brewster F2A Buffalo (USA) vs Hawker Typhoon & Tempest (Britain)

    Brewster Buffalo (USA)
    Hawker Typhoon & Tempest (Britain)

    The poll is expired.

    Round 1, Group D: Brewster F2A Buffalo (USA) vs Hawker Typhoon & Tempest (Britain)

    Brewster F2A Buffalo
    For those of you who have already read and voted in the Bloch MB.151-155 vs Grumman F4F Wildcat match in these polls, you might be surprised to learn - if you didn't already know - that the Buffalo won a competition against the Grumman F4F Wildcat in 1939, to become the U.S. Navy's first monoplane fighter aircraft. Although superior to the Grumman F3F biplane it replaced and (arguably) the early F4Fs, the Buffalo was largely obsolete when the United States entered World War 2 being unstable, overweight and relatively sluggish, especially when compared to the Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zero. It ended up being replaced by improved versions of the Wildcat in Navy service; a turning of the tables, we might say. Of all the Buffalo users, the Finns - who got the B-239, a de-navalized version - were the most successful, flying them in combat against early Soviet fighters with excellent results. Towards the other end of the range for success, the British and Dutch air forces using Buffalos in December 1941 suffered severe losses against Japanese A6M Zero and Ki-43 fighters. Attempts to lighten the Buffalos and make them a bit more agile were at best only partially successful. The F2A-3 variant saw action with United States Marine Corps squadrons at the Battle of Midway, with similarly dismal results.

    Hawker Typhoon & Tempest
    I felt the Hawker Typhoon to be a "borderline" inclusion in these polls and I nearly excluded it but in the end decided to keep it in partnership with its derivative, the Tempest, with the two of them combined as a single candidate. The Typhoon was intended and originally designed to be a medium–high altitude interceptor, as the logical replacement for the Hawker Hurricane but several design problems were encountered such that it was never able to completely satisfy this requirement. Its service introduction in mid-1941 was plagued with problems and for several months the aircraft faced a doubtful future. However, the tide of fortune can easily turn in war and when the Luftwaffe brought the formidable Focke-Wulf Fw 190 into service in 1941, the Typhoon was the only RAF fighter consistently capable of catching it at low altitudes. As a result it secured a new role as a low-altitude interceptor. Further to this, it also ventured into roles such as night-time intruder and long-range fighter. From late 1942 the Typhoon was equipped with bombs and from late 1943 RP-3 ground attack rockets were added to its armoury. Using these two weapons, the Typhoon became one of the Second World War's most successful ground-attack aircraft.
    The Hawker Tempest was a substantially improved derivative of the Typhoon, intended to address problems with the Typhoon's unexpected low performance by replacing its wing with a much thinner "laminar flow" design. It emerged as one of the most powerful fighters used during the war. The Hawker design team had already been working on possible improvements to the Typhoon and they investigated the advantages of the laminar flow wing that had been developed in the USA. When this idea was physically applied to the Typhoon design, effectively the Tempest had been born and the result was significantly improved overall performance. A number of different versions, with various engines, were planned but the only one to see operational service as such during WW2 was the Mk. V. This aircraft was a true high-performance multi-role fighter but above all, in contrast to the Typhoon it performed well in air-to-air combat through a more useful range of altitudes. It was also the fastest Allied piston-engine fighter at low altitude and was used to good effect to intercept V-1 flying bombs, accounting for no fewer than 638 of the total of 1,771 "Doodlebugs" claimed by the RAF in 1944.

    Is it the Brewster machine that strikes you as more significant/influential or are you set on the Hawkers?

    Only one of these two candidates will make it to the next round!

    Which of them is the more significant and/or influential?

    Candidate #55 - Brewster F2A Buffalo (USA)

    Full Service From (approx) – 1939
    Quantity produced - 509
    User Nations - USA, Australia, Britain, Finland, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand,

    For further info & some technical details, you can start with Wiki here:

    Candidate #64 - Hawker Typhoon & Tempest (Britain)

    Full Service From (approx) – 1941
    Quantity produced - 4,748
    User Nations - Britain, Australia, Belgium, Canada, India, Pakistan, New Zealand

    For further info & some technical details, you can start with Wiki here:

    Consider the criteria with care! You decide!
    Last edited by panther3485; 06 Mar 15, 09:09.

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